What is The Use of a Motherboard in Computers?

What is The Use of a Motherboard in Computers?

Motherboards are also known as Mainboard, Main Circuit Board, System Board,  Logic Board, Baseboard, Planar Board. Basically, Motherboard is the printed circuit board.

 Motherboard maintains and allows communication between several important electronic components of a system and provides connectors for other external devices. Motherboard typically has important subsystems, such as a central processor. Motherboards use chipsets and memory controllers, interface connectors for processing commands.

All components of computer associated with Motherboard, often including peripherals, video cards, interface cards, network cards, sound cards, hard drives and persistent storage, TV tuner cards, and many varieties of other custom components.

How Important is a Motherboard?

Motherboard

The motherboard’s primary function is to deliver electricity from the power supply, or in the case of laptops, the battery to computing components.

The motherboard is the Heart of the Computer in the real sense. Motherboard gets power from PSU and provides it to all other Computer Components like CPU, Ram, Power buttons, and All the Ports of the Systems.

 

Without Motherboard, there is no source to provide power in CPU, Ram, Power buttons, and All the Ports of the Systems from PSU.

Operating a Computer Without a Motherboard is impossible.

Types of Motherboard in Computer?

Types of Motherboard

The most common Computer Motherboard is ATX and ATX Motherboard is the most used Motherboard today, especially on desktop computers.

There are 5 types of ATX Motherboard.

  1. Standard ATX
  2. Micro ATX
  3. Mini ITX
  4. Nano ITX
  5. Pico ITX

 1. Standard ATX

Standard ATX

It was the most popular Motherboard when it was released. Standard ATX Motherboard measures are 12.0 × 9.6 inches. It supports six expansion slots.

I can combine ISA, PCI, PCI, ISA, and AGP. It is compatible with almost all ATX cabinets.

2. Micro ATX

Micro ATX

It is the popular Motherboard, It is used in many computers. Micro ATX Motherboard measures are 9.6 × 9.6 inches. It supports four expansion slots.

I can combine ISA, PCI, PCI, ISA, and AGP. It is compatible with almost all ATX cabinets.

3. Mini ITX

Mini ITX

 It is a low power consumption Motherboard. Mini ITX Motherboard measures are 6.7 × 6.7 inches. Mini ITX Motherboard dimensions are the most characteristic factor of this type of Motherboard. It is designed for empowering teams of low consumption.

4. Nano ITX

Nano ITX

Nano ITX is a very small Motherboard. This Nano ITX Motherboard measures are 4.7 × 4.7 inches. Nano ITX Motherboard is fully designed for consuming very low power. It can be used for many applications but it was specially designed for smart entertainment devices.

5. Pico ITX

Pico ITX

Pico ITX is the smallest Motherboard on this list. These Pico ITX Motherboard measures are 3.9 × 2.8 inches. It is 75% smaller in comparison to Mini ITX. Pico ITX Motherboard is developed by VIA for developing smaller and smarter IoT devices.

Best Motherboards List

1. ASUS ROG Maximus XII Hero Z490 (Intel 10th Gen) ATX Gaming Motherboard (Best Intel Motherboard ever)

ASUS ROG Maximus XII Hero Z490

ROG MAXIMUS XII HERO (WI-FI) ROG Maximus XII Hero is the perfect foundation for the Republic Motherboard

  • WiFi 6
  • LGA 1200
  • Intel 10th Gen
  • 14+2 Power Stages
  • DDR4 4800+
  • 5Gbps LAN
  • Bluetooth v5.1
  • Triple M.2
  • Aura Sync

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 2. MSI MEG Z490 ACE ATX Gaming Motherboard (Best If you want to build a high-end or gaming  PC)

MSI MEG Z490 ACE ATX Gaming Motherboard

Features & details

  • 10th Generation Intel Core
  • LGA 1200 socket
  • Dual-channel DDR4 memory up to 128GB
  • Frozr Heatsink designed with active cooling
  • Double Ball Bearings
  • Zero Frozr Technology
  • MOSFET Backplates
  • Triple Turbo M.2 with M.2 Shield Frozr
  • On-board 2.5G LAN plus Gigabit LAN
  • Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax)

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3. GIGABYTE Z490 Gaming X (Best If your Budget is low)

GIGABYTE Z490 Gaming X

Z490 GAMING X is with Advanced Thermal Design with Integrated IO Armor. Support for DDR4 XMP Up to 4600MHz and Beyond.

  • Supports 10th Gen Intel Core
  • Enlarged VRM Heatsink with 5W/mK Thermal Conductive Pad
  • ALC1200 Multi-Channel Audio
  • 2-Way CrossFire Multi-Graphics
  • Dual Ultra-Fast M.2 with PCIe Gen3 X4
  • SATA Interface
  • RGB FUSION 2.0

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4. ASRock X570 Phantom Gaming X (Best AMD Motherboard)

ASRock X570 Phantom Gaming X

The ASRock X570 Phantom Gaming X is equipped to support AMD’s ‘Zen 2’, the 3rd generation of the Ryzen processor family.

  • Supports AMD AM4 Socket RyzenTM 2000 and 3000 Series processors
  • Intel Wi-Fi 6 802.11ax (2.4Gbps) + BT 5.0
  • Supports DDR4 4666+ (OC)
  • 3 PCIe 4.0 x16, 2 PCIe 4.0 x1
  • 3 USB 3.2 Gen2 (Rear Type A+C, Front Type-C), 8 USB 3.2 Gen1 (2 Front, 6 Rear)

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5. ASUS ROG Strix B550-F Gaming (Best Budget Asus Gaming Motherboard)

ASUS ROG Strix B550-F Gaming

Fanless VRM and chipset heatsinks with ASUS Stack Cool 3+ design keep your system running reliably under heavy load by enhancing passive cooling capacity for critical onboard components.

  • Robust Power Design: 12+2 DrMOS power stages with high-quality alloy chokes and durable capacitors provide reliable power for the last AMD high-count-core CPUs
  • Optimized Thermal Solution: Fanless VRM and chipset heatsinks with ASUS Stack Cool 3+ design keep your system running reliably under heavy load by enhancing passive cooling capacity for critical onboard components.
  • High-performance Gaming Networking: 2. 5 Gb LAN with ASUS LANGuard
  • Best Gaming Connectivity: Supports HDMI 2. 1([email protected]) and DisplayPort 1. 2 output, featuring dual M. 2 slots (NVMe SSD)—one with PCIe 4. 0 x4 connectivity, USB 3. 2 Gen 2 Type-C port, and Thunderbolt 3 header
  • Industry-leading Gaming Audio & AI Noise Cancelling Mic Technology: High fidelity audio from a SupremeFX S1220A codec with DTS Sound Unbound and Sonic Studio III draws you deeper into the action.

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About the author

He is a senior associate reviews editor for PC Cost and reviews consumer technology.

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